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Russia and the Soviet Union 1914-1945 - Year 12 Modern History

The Russian State


What reforms were introduced by Tsar Alexander II and why did he introduce them? How did reforms of Tsar Alexander II impact Russian society? And how did subsequent Tsars steadily lead Russia to the socialist revolution? These and other questions should guide your exploration of this area. 


By the time Alexander II became Tsar of Russia in 1855 the Romanovs had been ruling the country for almost 200 years. After Russian loss in the Crimean War, Alexander II was determined to reform Russia to a more modern country, an equal to other European powers, with changes to the judicial system and education among others. His reforms had many unintended consequences for him and his successors and which set Russia on the path to revolution.