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Russia and the Soviet Union 1914-1945 - Year 12 Modern History

Bolshevik consolidation of power

Bolshevik consolidation of power


The Bolsheviks (later the Communist Party) took control of Russia in October 1917 and managed to hold on to power until the early 1990s. In addition, they expanded the empire to form the USSR. How did a group of revolutionaries manage this? 


The following questions might help guide your research:

  • What was the significance of the treaty of Brest-Liovsk? 
  • How did Lenin impose his control over the Duma and Russia? What support did he have? 
  • Who were the other key players? 
  • How did the outside world respond?