"Germany surrendered to the victorious allies on 8 May 1945. It appeared a country in ruins...Hitler's expansionist aims...had brought the country to catastrophe...many cities were destroyed...it had no functioning institutions or economy."
Reference: Flint, A. (2016). History+ for Edexcel A Level: Nationalism, Dictatorship and Democracy in Twentieth-Century Europe. n.p.: Hodder Education.